Roman Historical Site: Heraclea Lyncestis
Relevance to the Roman Emperors Route: 1st to 6th centuries A.D.
Heraclea was a Macedonian Greek city, founded by Philip II of Macedon, Alexander the Great’s father, and named after the Greek god Heracles. After Macedon was conquered by the Romans in the 2nd century BC the city prospered under Roman rule because of its key location on the Via Egnatia. During Julius Caesar’s wars against Pompey, Heraclea Lyncestis was an important supply base. Archaeological excavation on the site have revealed a Roman theater and bath complex, along with early Christian basilicas with well-preserved mosaic pavements known for their high standards of execution.
Visitor center at the site
Gallery & Video
Domestic and English
Restaurant, cafe or bar
Souvenir shop/Craft shop
Souvenir shop at the locality
Interpretation at the site
Interpretative signs and mobile application “Bitola travel guide” (https://itunes.apple.com/mt/app/butola-travel-guide/id1219610355?mt=8)
Guides, professor’s archaeologists, curator, Actors, volunteers
Archaeological excavation projects:
Website of Locality
Bitola is is 1hr 11 min (69 km) distant from Ohrid. Bitola is very close to border crossing to Greece (Bogoroditsa) leading to the modern superhighway Egnatia Odos. Besides a bus terminal and road access from Ohrid, Bitola can be easily reached from Greece and Albania (border crossing close to Lake Prespa, Resen). Bitola uses the services of the Ohrid international airport and has a railway connection with Skopje. Tourists can get information about Heraclea from the info desk at the entrance of the archaeological site, and also from the NI Institute and Museum of Bitola. There is no public transportation to the site, but it is 15-minute walk from the city center. Bitola is an important administrative center, offering a choice of restaurants and accommodation (hotels, apartments, hostels and camping) in its environs. Taxi services are available at a reasonable price. Car and bicycle rentals are also available, as is a professional guide service. Nearby attractions include: the famous Širok Sokak street, hiking tours, the National Park of Pelister as well as several museums and galleries. Numerous local souvenir shops can be found in Bitola, and several festivals and cultural events take place, especially during summer.
Bitola is not part of an important wine region. However, it is located between the well-known Ohrid and Tikveš wine regions and offers the service of one specialized winery as well as a choice of regional wines in its restaurants and shops.
How to reach Bitola
Skopje international airport (http://skp.airports.com.mk/default.aspx?ItemID=345); Ohrid St. Paul the Apostle airport (http://ohd.airports.com.mk/default.aspx?ItemID=345#)
Road distance from Bitola to other European destinations:
Skopje: 168 km
Ohrid: 69 km
Ankara (Turkey): 1,347 km
Athens (Greece): 574 km
Belgrade (Serbia): 572 km
Istanbul (Turkey): 900 km
Pristine (Kosovo): 254 km
Sofia (Bulgaria): 352 km
Thessaloniki (Greece): 217 km
Tirana (Albania): 214 km