Roman Historical Site: The Antique Theatre
Relevance to the Roman Emperors Route: 1st to 6th centuries A.D.
Lychnidus was a Macedonian Greek city strategically located on the Via Egnatia. In 170 BC it was a Roman base in Rome’s Fourth Macedonian War, supported by Illyrian allies. The well preserved Greek theater with conversions to Roman use is attractively presented in the historic center of the medieval town. The transformation of the theater to Roman taste is a good example of the change in Greek-based culture (presentations of tragedies and comedies) to Roman venues (gladiatorial combats in the former orchestra area) resulting from the annexation of the region into the Roman Empire. This type of adaptation is common in a region where pre-existing Greek theaters took the place of the usual Roman amphitheaters for the ludi gladiatorii (gladiatorial games).
Visitor center at the site
Gallery & Video
Domestic and English
Restaurant, cafe or bar
Kaneo and Gladiator restaurant
Souvenir shop/Craft shop
There are museum shops in the museum and cultural center “Lapidarium” in House of Robev Family, in the Museum on water and the Icon Gallery-Ohrid, while souvenir shops are located at several points in the city of Ohrid (the little square in the old Plane Tree, versus the post office, next to “Hammam” shopping center and on the city quay, near the port) and one in the center of the village Vevchani.
Interpretation at the site
One interpretative tables
Guides, professor’s archaeologists, curator, Actors, volunteers
Website of Locality
Ohrid (an old Macedonian Greek city, active in Roman times, on the ancient Via Egnatia connecting Byzantium and Dyrrachion/Durres). It is 3 hr 36 min (181 km) from Fier or 3 hr 16 min (168 km) from Durres. It is on road to Heraclea (Bitola) and is the most important tourist destination in the region. Because of its exceptional natural setting and unique early Christian, Byzantine and Slavic architectural inventory Ohrid is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The whole city is an open air museum with remains from different periods. This is why the accommodation offer is very rich: all categories of hotels, apartments, rooms to rent, and camping areas are available. An info center serves the whole city, including the ancient theatre. Information about site can also be obtained from Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments and the Ohrid museum which manage the archaeological site. An international airport welcomes regular carriers, charter and low cost flights. It is possible to rent a car, bicycle, bike, boat or camping place (with/without accommodation). Taxi service is available at very moderate prices. Two border-crossings to Albania are close to Ohrid: Struga and St Naum.
City attractions include festivals (the Ohrid summer is a sequence of cultural events), exhibitions, but there are also a great number of unique beaches on the lake. The city is situated under the mountain Galičica, part of which is national park. Ohrid is known as the “city of 365 churches” (one for each day of the year), some of which represent unique historical cultural attractions (St. Naum, St Sophia, St John Kaneo, St Panteleymon/St Clement). There is professional guide service available.
Ohrid is one of the well-known wine regions in North Macedonia, offering a good choice of wine in restaurants, wine shops, wineries and even an event, “Days of Cheese and Wine” at the end of August. Ohrid also offers a wide range of souvenirs (local shops, but also available in museum souvenir shops) which preserve the old techniques of filigree and production of the unique “Ohrid pearl”.
How to reach Ohrid
Skopje international airport (http://skp.airports.com.mk/default.aspx?ItemID=345); Ohrid St. Paul the Apostle airport (http://ohd.airports.com.mk/default.aspx?ItemID=345#; https://visitohrid.mk/get-to-skopje-via-airplane)