Sirmium

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Archaeological remains of Roman town Sirmium lay beneath the modern city of Sremska Mitrovica. It existed for six centuries, from Roman invasion at the end of 1st century B.C. until 582 A.D. when it fell under control of the Avars. Sirmium was the administrative center of Roman province Pannonia Secunda, imperial residence and bishopry in the early Christian period. The most significant archaeological sites which are presented in the very center of the modern city are: remains of the Imperial Palace, villa urbana within the Archaeological Museum of Srem, merchants and craftsmen quarter and urban basilica identified as Church of St. Demetius.

Location and basic info

Srem/Syrmia District, Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Serbia; cca. 69 km west of Belgrade and 65 km from Novi Sad; beside the highway E-70

Sirmium Imperial Palace
Pivarska 2, 22000 Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia

Hours: 8.00–16.00 (every day)

Site is opened all year round. The ticket price: adults 1.5€, school children 0.8€ (parking, visitor center with souvenir shop, bar, public toilets, printed guides, spatial model, professional interpretation).

Archaeological Museum of Srem

Trg Svetog Stefana 15, Sremska Mitrovica

Hours: Sat–Sun: 10.00– 16.00, Mon: 7.00–15.00, Tue–Fri: 7.00–18.00; (permanent and themed exhibitions).

Tourist Organisation of Sremska Mitrovica
Svetog Dimitrija 10, Sremska Mitrovica
How to visit

  • By plane (airport Nikola Tesla), car, bus or train from Belgrade and Novi Sad.

Interesting facts about the place

  • Sirmium was one of the capital cities of the Roman Empire during Tetrachy.
  • The modern city of Sremska Mitrovica got its name after St. Demetrius, an early Christian martyr from Sirmium, who is patron of the city to the present day.
  • The city and its surroundings were the birthplace of six Roman emperors.
  • The beginning of viniculture in this region is attributed to the emperor Probus who planted the first vines on the slopes of Fruška gora (Alma Mons) near Sirmium.
  • On the basis of numismatic data it is considerd that the emperor Constantine thought to create a new captal of the Empire in Sirmium instead of Byzantium.
  • Sirmuim is called a city worthier than an Emperor’s daughter:

There is a story that the Byzantine emperor Tiberius said to the Avar delegates visiting  Constantinople with the request to surrender Sirmium: Go and tell your Khagan that I would rather give him one of my daughters then willingly handover Sirmium.

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